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HAProxy + Pacemaker实现MySQL的高可用负载均衡

时间:2013-09-12 20:36来源:zrwm.com 编辑:linuxeye 点击:
当前环境说明 A: 192.168.1.191 (MySQL Slave) B: 192.168.1.192 (MySQL Slave) C: 192.168.1.216 (Pacemaker + CoroSync + HAProxy) D: 192.168.1.217 (Pacemaker + CoroSync + HAProxy) 虚拟VIP: 192.168.1.210. 这里配置的HAProxy负载均衡器
当前环境说明
A: 192.168.1.191 (MySQL Slave)
B: 192.168.1.192 (MySQL Slave)
C: 192.168.1.216 (Pacemaker + CoroSync + HAProxy)
D: 192.168.1.217 (Pacemaker + CoroSync + HAProxy)
虚拟VIP: 192.168.1.210.
这里配置的HAProxy负载均衡器为双机Active/Passive模式.

安装与配置HAProxy

调整内核参数,允许绑定VIP:
# vi /etc/sysctl.conf
net.ipv4.ip_nonlocal_bind=1

# sysctl -p
添加用户haproxy:
# groupadd haproxy
# useradd haproxy -g haproxy
在负载均衡器后端的MySQL上分别添加健康检测MySQL用户:
mysql> create user 'haproxy'@'192.168.1.%';
mysql> flush privileges;
安装HAProxy:
# wget -c http://haproxy.1wt.eu/download/1.4/src/haproxy-1.4.23.tar.gz
# tar zxvf haproxy-1.4.23.tar.gz
# cd haproxy-1.4.23
# make TARGET=linux26 #如果是32位机器,则make TARGET=linux26 ARCH=i386
# make install
# mkdir -p /etc/haproxy
# cp examples/haproxy.cfg /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
配置HAProxy:
# cat /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
global
    maxconn 40000
    user haproxy
    group haproxy
    stats socket /tmp/haproxy  user haproxy group haproxy mode 600 level admin
    node lb1
    nbproc 1
    daemon
    spread-checks 3
    quiet

defaults
    log global
    mode tcp
    option tcplog
    option dontlognull
    option tcp-smart-accept
    option tcp-smart-connect
    #option dontlog-normal
    retries 3
    option redispatch
    timeout connect 500
    timeout client  2000    
    timeout server  2000  
    maxconn 40000
    option redispatch

listen slave_clusters *:3306
    mode tcp
    balance roundrobin
    #balance leastconn
    option tcpka       # enable the keepalive
    option mysql-check user haproxy
    
    server MySQL191 192.168.1.191:3306 check weight 1 maxconn 2000
    server MySQL192 192.168.1.192:3306 check weight 1 maxconn 2000


# HAProxy管理用户(admin/stats)
userlist STATSUSERS
    group admin users admin
    user admin insecure-password 1234567
    user stats insecure-password 123456

# HAProxy的管理界面
listen stats *:8081
    mode http
    stats enable
    stats refresh 60s
    stats uri /
    stats hide-version
    acl AuthOkay_ReadOnly http_auth(STATSUSERS)
    acl AuthOkay_Admin http_auth_group(STATSUSERS) admin
    stats http-request auth realm Haproxy_Admin_Page unless AuthOkay_ReadOnly
    stats admin if AuthOkay_Admin
HAProxy的启动管理脚本:
# cat /etc/init.d/haproxy 
#!/bin/bash
#
# chkconfig: 2345 85 15
# description: HA-Proxy is a TCP/HTTP reverse proxy which is particularly suited \
#              for high availability environments.
# processname: haproxy
# config: /etc/haproxy.cfg
# pidfile: /var/run/haproxy.pid

# Source function library.
if [ -f /etc/init.d/functions ]; then
  . /etc/init.d/functions
elif [ -f /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions ] ; then
  . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
else
  exit 0
fi

CONF_FILE="/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg"
HAPROXY_BINARY="/usr/local/sbin/haproxy"
PID_FILE="/var/run/haproxy.pid"

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ ${NETWORKING} = "no" ] && exit 0

[ -f ${CONF_FILE} ] || exit 1

RETVAL=0

start() {
  $HAPROXY_BINARY -c -q -f $CONF_FILE
  if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
    echo "Errors found in configuration file."
    return 1
  fi

  echo -n "Starting HAproxy: "
  daemon $HAPROXY_BINARY -D -f $CONF_FILE -p $PID_FILE
  RETVAL=$?
  echo
  [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/haproxy
  return $RETVAL
}

stop() {
  echo -n "Shutting down HAproxy: "
  killproc haproxy -USR1
  RETVAL=$?
  echo
  [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/haproxy
  [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f $PID_FILE
  return $RETVAL
}

restart() {
  $HAPROXY_BINARY -c -q -f $CONF_FILE
  if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
    echo "Errors found in configuration file, check it with 'haproxy check'."
    return 1
  fi
  stop
  start
}

check() {
  $HAPROXY_BINARY -c -q -V -f $CONF_FILE
}

rhstatus() {
  pid=$(pidof haproxy)
  if [ -z "$pid" ]; then
    echo "HAProxy is stopped." 
    exit 3
  fi
  status haproxy
}

condrestart() {
  [ -e /var/lock/subsys/haproxy ] && restart || :
}

# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
  start)
    start
    ;;
  stop)
    stop
    ;;
  restart)
    restart
    ;;
  reload)
    restart
    ;;
  condrestart)
    condrestart
    ;;
  status)
    rhstatus
    ;;
  check)
    check
    ;;
  *)
    echo $"Usage: haproxy {start|stop|restart|reload|condrestart|status|check}"
    RETVAL=1
esac

exit $RETVAL
检查HAProxy的配置是否正确:
# /etc/init.d/haproxy check
Configuration file is valid
注:在这里HAProxy不需要单独启动.我们在后面让Pacemaker来管理HAProxy的启动.

Pacemaker + CoroSync安装和配置
Pacemaker + CoroSync安装和配置过程参考《CentOS 6 安装和配置Pacemaker》
安装配置好之后:
两台均衡机器分别启动CoroSync:
# /etc/init.d/corosync start
Starting Corosync Cluster Engine (corosync):               [  OK  ]
查看两台机的CoroSync之间是否成功通信:
[root@centos216 ~]# corosync-objctl | grep members | grep ip
runtime.totem.pg.mrp.srp.members.-670979904.ip=r(0) ip(192.168.1.216)
runtime.totem.pg.mrp.srp.members.-654202688.ip=r(0) ip(192.168.1.217)
然后再分别启动Pacemaker:
# /etc/init.d/pacemaker start
Starting Pacemaker Cluster Manager:                        [  OK  ]
资源约束配置

先定义一些资源属性约束(包括禁止STONITH错误,忽略Quorum,防止资源在恢复之后移动等):
# crm configure
crm(live)configure# property stonith-enabled=false
crm(live)configure# property no-quorum-policy=ignore
crm(live)configure# rsc_defaults resource-stickiness=100
crm(live)configure# rsc_defaults failure-timeout=0
crm(live)configure# rsc_defaults migration-threshold=10
配置VIP资源:
crm(live)configure# primitive failover-ip ocf:heartbeat:IPaddr2 params ip=192.168.1.210 cidr_netmask=24 op monitor interval=5s
配置HAProxy资源:
crm(live)configure# primitive haproxy lsb:haproxy op monitor interval="5s"
定义运行的HAProxy和VIP必须在同一节点上:
crm(live)configure# colocation haproxy-with-public-IPs INFINITY: haproxy failover-ip
定义先接管VIP之后才启动HAProxy:
crm(live)configure# order haproxy-after-IP mandatory: failover-ip haproxy
验证并提交配置:
crm(live)configure# verify
crm(live)configure# commit
crm(live)configure# quit
资源状态查看

查看资源状态:
[root@centos216 ~]# crm_mon -1
Last updated: Mon May 20 01:55:31 2013
Last change: Mon May 20 01:27:39 2013 via cibadmin on centos216
Stack: classic openais (with plugin)
Current DC: centos216 - partition with quorum
Version: 1.1.8-7.el6-394e906
2 Nodes configured, 2 expected votes
2 Resources configured.


Online: [ centos216 centos217 ]

 failover-ip	(ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):	Started centos216
 haproxy	(lsb:haproxy):	Started centos216
216机器上查看:
[root@centos216 ~]# /etc/init.d/haproxy status
haproxy (pid  1629) is running...

[root@centos216 ~]# ip addr show eth0
2: eth0:  mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:67:ab:7e brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.216/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
    inet 192.168.1.210/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global secondary eth0
    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe67:ab7e/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
217机器上查看:
[root@centos217 ~]# /etc/init.d/haproxy status
HAProxy is stopped.
[root@centos217 ~]# ip addr show eth0
2: eth0:  mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:67:ab:7e brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.1.217/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
    inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fe67:ab7e/64 scope link tentative dadfailed
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
从上面的这些信息,可以知道VIP绑定在216机器,同时只有216机器上的HAProxy已经启动.

Failover测试
[root@centos216 ~]# crm node standby
[root@centos216 ~]# crm_mon -1
Last updated: Mon May 20 02:13:30 2013
Last change: Mon May 20 02:13:17 2013 via crm_attribute on centos216
Stack: classic openais (with plugin)
Current DC: centos216 - partition with quorum
Version: 1.1.8-7.el6-394e906
2 Nodes configured, 2 expected votes
2 Resources configured.


Node centos216: standby
Online: [ centos217 ]

 failover-ip	(ocf::heartbeat:IPaddr2):	Started centos217
 haproxy	(lsb:haproxy):	Started centos217
[root@centos216 ~]# crm node online
可以看到216机器standby之后,217机器成功接管VIP和启动HAProxy.

MySQL连接测试
PHP脚本通过VIP连接负载均衡器后端的MySQL:
[root@centos192 test]# cat test.php 
<?php
// mysql -uroot -p123456 -h192.168.1.210 -P3306 -D test
$mysqli = new mysqli('192.168.1.210', 'root', '123456', 'test', 3306);

if ($mysqli->connect_errno) {
    die('Connect Error (' . $mysqli->connect_errno . ') ' . $mysqli->connect_error);
}

echo 'Success... ' . $mysqli->host_info . "\n";

$query = $mysqli->query("select * from mtest");

if ($mysqli->errno) {
   echo "Query Error:" . $mysqli->error, PHP_EOL;
   exit;
}

$res = $query->fetch_assoc();

var_dump($res);

$mysqli->close();
[root@centos192 test]# php test.php 
Success... 192.168.1.210 via TCP/IP
array(1) {
  ["a"]=>
  string(1) "0"
}
原文:http://www.zrwm.com/?p=6983

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